UPSC will release the official eligibility criteria for UPSC Exam 2022 in the UPSC notification. Broadly, you need to qualify the below-mentioned parameters in order to apply for the IAS Exam or the UPSC Civil Services Examination.
|IAS Age Limit||21 to 32 Years|
|Age Relaxation||As per Category|
Educational qualification for UPSC Civil
|Graduation from any recognized university|
UPSC 2022 Exam Pattern
The IAS exam pattern for UPSC Civil Services Exam for Prelims and Mains is tabulated below: UPSC Exam Pattern for UPSC Prelims Exam
|Name of the Paper|
|Nature of Exam|
|Paper I: General Studies (Objective Type)|
The score will be
considered for Cut- off
|Paper II: General Studies -II (Objective Type)|
Qualifying Nature- Candidates will have to score33% to
|Paper||Subject||Duration||Total Marks||Nature of Paper||Type of Paper|
|Paper A||Compulsory Indian Language||3 Hours||300||Qualifying||Descriptive|
|Paper B||English||3 Hours||300||Qualifying||Descriptive|
|Paper I||Essay||3 Hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper II||General Studies I||3 Hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper III||General Studies II||3 Hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper IV||General Studies III||3 Hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper V||General Studies IV||3 Hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper VI||Optional I||3 Hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper VII||Optional II||3 Hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
UPSC Exam Syllabus for Prelims General Studies Paper-I
The IAS Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam includes the following topics:
The GS-II in UPSC Prelims is also known as CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test. The following topics are included in the IAS syllabus for this paper:
For UPSC 2022, candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics like previous year exams. They will be expected to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and write concisely. Credit will be givenfor effective and exact expression
This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.
The following broad areas will be covered. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in privateand public relationships.
Optional Subjects are extremely important for UPSC Exam because they account for 500 marks out of a total of 1750 marks in UPSC Main Examination. There are 45 options for optional subjects including various Literature subject options in the IAS Exam. Here’s the list of all optional subjects available for the UPSC Exam.
Animal Husbandry and
Political Science and International
Literature of the following languages are also a part of the UPSC optional subjects for UPSC Mains exam from which you can choose your best suited optional subject for UPSC Exam:
Que.: 1. What are the number of attempts available(category-wise) to the candidates of the Civil Services Examination?
Number of attempts
|SC /ST||OBC||Pw BD|
|Unlimited||09||09 for General/EWS/OBC Unlimited for SC/ST|
Que.: 2. How an ‘attempt’ is counted in the Civil Services Examination?
Ans.: An attempt at the Preliminary Examination is considered an attempt at the Civil Services Examination:
Que.: 3. How would an aspirant know the number of attempts already a vailed by him/her in the Civil Services Examination?
Ans.: It is the primary responsibility of the candidate to keep a record/track of number of attempts availed by him/her.
Que.: 4. What is the procedure followed by the Commission in verifying that the candidate has not exceeded the attempts allowed in respective category in the Civil Services Examination?
Ans.: The number of attempts availed by a candidate in Civil Services Examination is checked/verified from the available data/records with the Commission at appropriate stage of this Examination.
Que.: 5. What action the Commission takes against a candidate who has exceeded the permissible number of attempts by concealing or furnishing incorrect information in the application form?
Ans.: In the relevant provisions under Disqualification, Debarment, Disciplinary Action, Criminal Prosecution of the extant Civil Services Examination Rules, it has been provided that “A candidate who is or has been declared by the Commission to be guilty of - (f) making statements which are incorrect or false or suppressing material information; in addition to being liable to criminal prosecution, shall be disqualified by the Commission from the Examination held under these Rules; and/or shall be liable to be debarred either permanently or for a specified period by the Commission, from any examination or selection..” Therefore, in accordance with this Rule, in all such cases of misleading information on number of attempts availed by the candidates, the Commission cancels the candidature of the said erring candidates for that particular Civil Services Examination and also debars them for 10 years in respect of all future Examinations/Selections of the Commission.
Q 32. What is the structure of the Civil Services Examination?
Answer - The Civil Services Examination (CSE) comprises of two successive stages :the Civil Services(Preliminary) Examination (CSP) and the Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview).
CIVIL SERVICES (PRELIMINARY) EXAMINATION:
Q 33. What is the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination?
Answer - UPSC conducts Preliminary Examination of the Civil Services Examination for recruitment to the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service(IPS) and other Central Services and posts in accordance with the Rules published by the Government (Department of Personnel & Training) in the Gazette of India Extraordinary.
This Examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates, who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination, are not counted for determining their final order of merit. Only those candidates, who are declared by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in the year, will be eligible to appear at the Main Examination of that year provided they are otherwise eligible for admission to the Main Examination.
Q 34. Is an attempt at the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination counted as an attempt at the Civil Services Examination?
Answer - (i) An attempt at a Preliminary Examination shall be taken as an attempt at the Civil Services Examination. (ii) If a candidate actually appears in any one paper in the Preliminary Examination, it shall be taken as an attempt at the Examination. (iii) Notwithstanding the disqualification/ cancellation of candidature, the fact of appearance of the candidate at the Examination will count as an attempt.
Q 35. If a candidate has applied for the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination but has not appear date any paper in the Civil Services(Preliminary) Examination will it be counted as an attempt?
Answer - No, an attempt is counted only if a candidate has appeared in at least one paper in the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination.
Q 36. What is the scheme of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination?
Answer - The Examination is comprised of two compulsory papers of 200 marks each. (i) Both the question papers are of objective type (multiple choice questions). (ii) The question papers are set in Hindi and English.(iii) Details of the syllabi are provided in the Examination Notice and Gazette Notification published by the Government. (iv) Each paper is of two hours duration.
Q 37. Is the General Studies Paper-II of qualifying nature? What are the Cut-off Marks for this Paper?
Answer – Yes, the General Studies Paper-II is of qualifying nature. The minimum qualifying standards in this Paper is indicated in the Examination Rules and at present, it is 33%.
Q 38. Is there any negative marking at the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination?
Answer - Candidates should note that there is penalty(negative marking) for wrong answers marked by a candidate in the Civil Services (Preliminary)
Examination. There are four alternatives for the answers to every question.
(i) For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one-third (1/3rd) of the marks assigned to that question is deducted as penalty.(ii) If a candidate gives more than one answer, it is treated as a wrong answer even if one of the given answers happens to be correct and there will be same penalty as above for that question. (iii) If a question is left blank, i.e. no answer is given by the candidate; there will be no penalty for that question.
Q 39. What are the minimum educational qualifications prescribed?
Answer - The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or any other educational institution established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.
Q 40. What are the eligibility criteria in terms of physical requirements/ functional classification required for a Service/ Post?
Answer - The Persons with Benchmark Disabilities candidates shall also be required to meet eligibility criteria in terms of physical requirements/functional classifications (abilities/disabilities) consistent with the requirements of the identified Service/Post as may be prescribed by its Cadre Controlling Authorities. The details of physical requirements and functional classifications are given in the Rules/Notice of the Examination.
Q 41. What information should be given by personsal ready in Government Service to their Head of Office?
Answer - Persons already in Government Service, whether in a permanent or temporary capacity or as work charged employees other than casual or daily rated employees or those serving under the Public Sector Enterprises, are required to submit an undertaking that they have informed their Head of Office/Department, in writing, that they have applied for the Examination. Candidates should note that in case a communication is received from their employer, by the Commission, withholding permission to the candidates applying for/appearing at the Examination, their applications will be liable to be rejected/candidature will be liable to be cancelled.
Q 42. What are the provisions regarding community reservation and change of community?
Answer - A candidate will be eligible to get the benefit of community reservation only in case the particular community/ caste / tribe to which the candidate belongs is included in the list of reserved communities issued by the Central Government. If a candidate indicates in his/her application form for Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination that he/she belongs to General category but subsequently writes to the Commission to change his/her category to a reserved one, such request shall not be entertained by the Commission. Similar principle will also be followed for Persons with Benchmark Disabilities candidates. However, in some exceptional cases where a particular caste/tribe is included in the list of reserved community within3 months from the date of submission of application, the Commission may consider a request of change of community as a special case.
In case of a candidate unfortunately becoming physically disabled during the course of the examination process, the candidate should produce valid document showing him/her acquiring a disability to the extent of 40% or more as mentioned in the relevant rules to enable him/her to get the benefits of Pw BD reservation.
Q 43. What are the provisions for reservation for SC, ST, OBC, EWS and Pw BD candidates?
Answer - Reservation will be made for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes. Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes, Economically Weaker Sections and Persons with Benchmark Disabilities candidates in respect of vacancies as may be fixed by the Government.
Q 44. Can a candidate choose an optional subject, which he has not studied at graduate/post graduate level?
Answer - Yes.
Q 45. Which is the language / medium of question papers?
Answer - The question papers (other than the literature of language papers) are set in Hindi and English.
Q 46. Can a candidate write different papers of Civil Service (Main) Examination in different languages?
Answer - No, the Candidates have the option to write their answers either in English or in any one of the Eighth Schedule languages except the Qualifying Language papers Paper-A and Paper-B, which they have indicated at the time of filling up of their online application form for the Civil Service(Preliminary) Examination.
Q 47. How are the Question Papers for the Civil Services(Main) Examination structured? What is the duration of each paper?
Answer - The question papers for the examination are of conventional (essay) type. Each paper is of three hours duration.
Q 48. Can a candidate write the Civil Service (Main) Examination in English and take the interview in Hindi or any other Indian language?
Answer - The candidates, opting for Indian Language medium for the written part of the Civil Services (Main) Examination may choose either the same Indian Language or English or Hindi as the medium for the interview. The candidates, opting to write the Civil Services (Main) Examination in English, may choose either English or Hindi or any other Indian Language opted by them for the compulsory Indian Language Paper in the written part of the Civil Services (Main) Examination, as the medium for interview. The candidate has to indicatethe language medium of interview at the time of filling up of the Detailed Application Form (DAF) However, the candidates, who are exempted from the compulsory Indian Language Paper, will have to choose either English or Hindi as medium of Interview or Personality Test.
Q 49.What are the Cut-off Marks for the compulsory language Papers?
Answer – The minimum qualifying standards in each of the two Qualifying Papers i.e. English and Indian Languages is indicated in the Examination Rules, is at present 25%.
Q 50. Is the Indian language Paper compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim?
Answer– The Paper A on Indian Language is not compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim. In the Online Application, if a candidate hails from these North-Eastern States, the option for Indian Language will automatically be disabled in the Online Application.
Q 51. Is the Indian language Paper compulsory for Persons with Benchmark Disabilities categories?
Answer – Yes, Paper A on Indian Language is compulsory for candidates belonging to Persons with Benchmark Disabilities category. However, it will not be compulsory for the candidates suffering from Hearing Impairment provided they have been granted such exemption from 2nd or 3rd language courses by the concerned education Board/University. The candidate needs to provide an undertaking/self declaration in this regard in order to claim such an exemption to the Commission.
Q 52. What marks are reckoned for merit ranking in the written part of the Civil Services (Main)Examination?
Answer - Marks obtained by the candidates for the Papers I-VII only will be counted for merit ranking(of those candidates who obtain the specified minimum marks in the qualifying papers). However, the Commission has the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all of these papers.
Q 53. What is the Disclosure Scheme?
Answer - This Scheme for disclosing the scores and other details of the non- recommended candidates was implemented with the Combined Medical Services Examination-2017. The Scheme covers non-recommended willing candidates, who appeared at the Interview/SSB Stage of a Commission’s Examination. Details of such candidates which are disclosed at the Commission’s Website (further linked to the NCS Portal of the M/o Labour & Employment) are - Name of the candidate, Father’s/Husband’s name, Date of Birth, Category, Gender, Educational Qualifications, Total marks etc, arranged in Roll Number order. The objective of the Scheme is to provide a useful database to other employers to enable them to identify good employable candidates. This information of an Examination remains available for one year from the date of disclosure.
Q 54. What is the Representation Portal of the Commission on the questions asked in an Examination?
Answer – (a) For each Examination, a time frame of 7 days (a week) i.e. from the next day of the Examination Date to 6.00 p.m. of the 7th day is fixed for the candidates to make representations to the Commission on the questions asked in the Papers of that Examination. No representation shall be accepted under any circumstances after this window of 7 days is over.
Q 55. After the written examination, on what criterion is the answer books sent for evaluation? Is it on Roll No. basis or based on centre of examination? That is, will a particular examiner/ set of examiners get to evaluate answer books only of a particular centre or a particular group of Roll Nos.?
Answer - Mixing of the answer books received from different venues is done before sending them for evaluation. Computer-based randomized fictitious code no. is given to each answer-book before evaluation.
Q 56. Are answer books segregated/ sorted based on community of the candidate?
Answer - This is not done at any stage of the evaluation process.
Q 57. Is it likely that my evaluated performance suffers because my answer books were evaluated by a ‘strict’ examiner, while another candidate benefits as his answer books were evaluated by a ‘liberal’ examiner?
Answer- To achieve uniformity in valuation, where more than one Examiner is involved, the Commission arranges a meeting of the Head Examiner with the Additional Examiners after the Examination is over. At this stage ,they discuss thoroughly the question paper, the appropriate answers and decide the standard of evaluation. To further bring about uniformity of assessment inter se the Examiners, the following procedure is undertaken. The Head Examiner conducts a sample survey of answer books of each Additional Examiner to verify whether the uniform standards of evaluation evolved in the meeting of Examiners have actually been followed. Depending on the standard adopted by the Additional Examiner, the Head Examiner may confirm the awards without any change if the Examiner has correctly followed the standard decided upon, or may carry out upward/ downward moderation as considered necessary to ensure maximum possible degree of uniformity in the evaluation process. Therefore, the aspect of inter-examiner variation in standards of evaluation in a Paper affecting candidates’ performance is taken care of adequately.
Q 58. Can I know the ‘question-wise’ marks awarded to me for a paper?
Answer - The evaluation process does not end after initial evaluation by an Examiner. Moderation, wherever applied, is on the total award initially given (the so-called ‘raw marks’) and not on question-wise basis. Therefore, once the evaluation process is complete, neither ‘raw marks’ nor ‘question-wise marks’ subsist. What subsists is the candidate’s total score in a paper awarded at the end of the evaluation process and this award is normally made available to the candidate in due course on the Commission’s website through a query-based application software. Further, in a competitive examination, what is relevant is not the absolute performance of a candidate, but his/ her relative performance that in fact determines whether the candidate qualifies and, if so, his/ her position in the merit list.
Q 59. If the overall marks of two or more candidates are equal, how is relative merit between such candidates decided?
Answer - ‘Tie-breaking’ principles are applied to decide inter se merit among candidates having the same overall marks.
Q 60. Wherever evaluation standards are set or moderation is applied, are these different for different mediums(languages) in which a particular subject/paper Examination is written?
Answer - No. The evaluation standards/ moderation for a Paper are not medium specific. In other words, if the Rules of the Exam provide that a Paper can be written in any of, say, English/Hindi/ a recognized Indian language, then the medium in which a candidate writes the Paper will not be a factor in determining evaluation standards or the moderation to be applied.
Q 61. Is it possible that evaluation/ assessment could be affected by the knowledge of a candidates’ identity?
Answer - No. Before evaluation, the Roll No. written on every answer book is detached and computer-based randomized fictitious code no. is given. At no stage of the evaluation process(including the moderation stage) is the actual Roll No./ identity of the candidate known to any of the Examiners/ officials associated in the process.